Assessing the factors of adoption of agro-chemicals by plantain farmers in Ghana using the ASTI analytical framework
The Agricultural Science, Technology and Innovation (ASTI) systems’ analysis framework was developed in 2004 to assess the policy environment and how it enhances key actors' competencies and performance in relation to innovativeness as well as the effectiveness of linkages among actors of any subsector in an economy. Recent studies have shown that promotion of agrochemical use for pest control and soil fertility improvement in the plantain subsector in Ghana is yielding positive results. What is not well understood are the factors influencing adoption by farmers, a key actor in the ASTI system. Employing probit estimation, using data from 249 farmers it is observed that being literate, older than 40 years, having higher income from sales, living in villages distant to Accra (capital of Ghana), having access to hi-tech machinery, being migrant and being linked to extension services and financial institutions, have a positive influence on adoption. The functions of farmer-based organisations (FBOs) and nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) are yet to make a significant difference. There is a lot that these institutions have to do, especially to bring more young, illiterate, low income and indigene farmers up to be part of the science, technology and innovation system in Ghana.